“Alcoholics Anonymous® is a fellowship of men and women who share their experience, strength and hope with each other that they may solve their common problem and help others to recover from alcoholism. The only requirement for membership is a desire to stop drinking. There are no dues or fees for Alcoholics Anonymous membership; we are self-supporting through our own contributions. Alcoholics Anonymous is not allied with any sect, denomination, politics, organization or institution; does not wish to engage in any controversy, neither endorses nor opposes any causes. Our primary purpose is to stay sober and help other alcoholics to achieve sobriety.” (Wilson, 1939)

The goal of Alcoholics Anonymous is to prevent substance abuse and to promote sobriety. The main ways that Alcoholics Anonymous pursues its goal is through Alcoholics Anonymous meetings, sponsorship, and working the Twelve-steps. Typically, a newly sober member of Alcoholics Anonymous is going to get a sponsor that will take him through the Twelve-steps, his sponsor will strongly suggest that he goes to ninety Alcoholics Anonymous meetings during his first 90 days. Alcoholics Anonymous is funded by its members through donations. A normal donation is $1-$2 per meeting. As mentioned in step twelve, the message of Alcoholics Anonymous is carried to alcoholics by its members. Members of Alcoholics Anonymous are also called “pigeons”, as a pigeon carries a message. Recovery rates of members that actually work a program and follow the principles of AA have been reported upwards of 50% after a 24 month follow-up. (Bridgeman and McQueen, 1987, p 124).

Alcoholics Anonymous works if a person is willing to get a sponsor, work the steps, do service work, go to meetings on a regular basis, get connected into the Alcoholics Anonymous community, and follow the Alcoholics Anonymous principles in all affairs. As stated in the Big Book of Alcoholics Anonymous, “Rarely we have we seen a persona fail who has thoroughly followed our path. Those who do not recover are people who cannot or will not completely give themselves to this simple program, usually men and women who are constitutionally incapable of being honest with themselves.” The main problem with Alcoholics Anonymous is that a person needs to be willing to go to any lengths to get sober. This means that he will need to do everything prescribed by the Big Book and by his sponsor. This means that he will need to humble himself and take instructions, even when he doesn’t agree.

            Students Against Destructive Decisions’ (SADD) goal is to provide students with education and tools to prevent underage drinking, other substance use, driving under the influence, and other destructive decisions. (SADD.org, 2014). SADD was founded on the premise that you people, when given the tools to help each other, are the most effective when it comes to substance use prevention. SADD is a nationwide program with thousands of chapters across the country and millions of members. According to SADD.org, teen alcohol-related car accidents has been decreased by almost 60% since being founded 1981. Through campaigns and activities, SADD influences more young people and schools than any other program in the U.S.

SADD is a science-based prevention program that is continuing to become bigger, better, stronger, and more effective. According to SADD.org, one of the most effective methods of prevention cited is positive youth development. This is in line with SADD’s main philosophy.

Beer keg registration is legally required in many U.S. states where permanent markings or identification tags are affixed to kegs of beer upon retail sale. Furthermore, stores are often required to keep the record of tags which include the name and address of the buyer, the date and the address the beer will be served, and other pertinent information. Beer keg registration laws vary widely in their details and enforcement. The goal of keg registration is to prevent friends or relatives of legal-drinking age from purchasing kegs of beer for adolescent parties. Keg registration has been implemented in many states and it can be achieved several different ways. For example, permanent markings can be placed on each keg to identify when and where it was purchased. Recently, there was a study done to examine the associations between keg registration policy ratings and binge drinking, driving after drinking, and riding with a drinking driver among adolescents. There was a negative correlation between more comprehensive and stringent keg registration policies and all three behaviors. (Thomas, pg 3). Keg registration fits stated government policy because it outlines a process that can be easily followed and it reduces the use and abuse of alcohol amongst adolescents. The result being lower instances of teenage binge-drinking, drinking and driving, and driving with another teen that has been drinking.

According to the information at http://samhsa.gov/, the United States substance abuse policies are geared towards creating communities that promote emotional health to reduce the likelihood of substance abuse. The policies are focused on education and prevention. For example, National Prevention Week is a SAMSA-supported event dedicated to increasing public awareness of substance abuse and mental health issues. The event is an opportunity to promote prevention, educate about behavioral health issues, and create and strengthen community partnerships. Other programs, events, and resources focused on prevention include Stop Underage Drinking, Too Smart to Start, Communities That Care (CTC), Drug-Free Workplace, and many more. The economic costs of drug use are gigantic in the United States. Furthermore, drug-induced overdose deaths now surpass homicides and car accident deaths in the U.S. The Obama Administration’s plan to reduce drug use in the U.S. includes a science-based plan, the National Drug Control Strategy. According to Dr. Nora Volknow, a person addicted to drugs has lost the ability to exercise free will. According to Gil Kerlikowske, Director, National Drug Control Policy, “drug policy reform should be rooted in neuroscience- not political science. It should be a public health issue, not just a criminal justice issue. That’s what a 21st century approach to drug policy looks like.” Science has demonstrated that addiction is a disease of the brain that can be both prevented and treated. The National Drug Control Strategy is focused on education and prevention.